James Arbuckle grew up in Belfast, where he was crippled early in life. He attended Glasgow University (M.A. 1720) and exchanged verses with Allan Ramsay. In 1724 he gave over plans for a clerical career and migrated to Dublin where, patronized by Viscount Molesworth, he established the Dublin Weekly Journal and pursued Whig politics. He was later employed in the Irish revenue service.
An epistle to the Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Hadington, on the death of Joseph Addison, Esq. 1719.
Snuff, a poem. 1717.
Glotta, a poem. 1721.
A collection of letters and essays on several subjects. 2 vols, 1729.
A panegyric on the Reverend D—n S—t. 1730.
Hibernicus's letters: or, a philosophical miscellany. 2 vols, 1734.
A poem inscribed to the Dublin Society. 1737.