The only daughter of Thomas Mulso of Northamptonshire, Hester Mulso was the niece of John Thomas, bishop of Peterborough, Salisbury, and Winchester. At the age of nine she composed a romance called "The Loves of Amoret and Melissa." As a young woman Chapone was an associate of Samuel Richardson, Thomas Edwards, Samuel Johnson (she contributed to The Rambler and The Adventurer), and Elizabeth Carter, her intimate friend for half a century. Her best-known work was Letters on the Improvement of the Mind (1773).
Letters on the improvement of the mind, addressed to a young lady. 2 vols, 1773.
Miscellanies in prose and verse. 1775.
Works, containing miscellanies. 2 vols, 1775.
A letter to a new-married lady. 1777.
Posthumous works. 4 vols, 1807-08.
Posthumous works: containing her correspondence with Mr. Richardson; a series of letters to Mrs. Elizabeth Carter; and some fugitive pieces never before published; together with an account of her life and character, drawn up by her own family. 2 vols, 1807.
Miscellanies, in prose and verse. 1810.