ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830: SPENSER AND THE TRADITION

Charlotte Smith

(1749-1806)


The daughter of a country gentleman, Charlotte Turner was educated at schools in Chichester and London. In 1765 she was married at fifteen to Benjamin Smith. His inheritance was tied up in a lawsuit and he left his wife to support twelve children by her writings. After publishing an often-reprinted collection of sonnets she turned to novels, at which she was equally successful. She endured debtor's prison with her husband (1783-84), followed him to Normandy, and separated from him in 1787. Charlotte Smith was patronized by William Hayley, and knew and was admired by many writers of the age.


TEXT RECORDS:

1787Sonnet XLII. Composed during a Walk on the Downs, in November, 1787.
1788Ode to Despair.
1792Elegy. The Dead Beggar.
1797Apostrophe to an Old Tree.
1804To the Mulberry-Tree.
1807The Dictatorial Owl.

PUBLICATIONS:

Elegiac sonnets and other essays. 1784, 1786, 2 vols, 1789-97.
Prevost, Manon Lescaut [trans. Smith] 2 vols, 1785.
Pitaval, The romance of real life [trans. Smith]. 3 vols, 1787.
Emmeline, or the orphan of the castle: a novel. 4 vols, 1788.
Ethelinde: or the recluse of the lake. 5 vols, 1789.
Celestina: novel. 4 vols, 1791.
Desmond: a novel. 3 vols, 1792.
The emigrants: a poem. 1793.
The old manor house: a novel. 4 vols, 1793.
D'Arcy: a novel. 1793.
The wanderings of Warwick. 1794.
The banished man: a novel. 4 vols, 1794.
Rural walks, in dialogues for young persons. 2 vols, 1795.
Montalbert: a novel. 3 vols, 1795.
Rambles farther. 2 vols, 1796.
A narrative of the loss near Weymouth. 1796.
Marchmont: a novel. 4 vols, 1796.
Minor morals. 2 vols, 1798.
The young philosopher: a novel. 1798.
What is she? a comedy. 1799.
Letters of a solitary wanderer. 2 vols, 1799.
Conversations introducing poetry, for the use of children. 2 vols, 1804.
History of England in a series of letters to a young lady. 3 vols, 1806.
Beachy head, with other poems. 1807.
The natural history of birds. 2 vols, 1815.
Poems, ed. Stuart Curran. 1993.