The son of a clergyman, Henry John Todd attended Magdalen College Oxford (B.A. 1784, M.A. 1786). He was librarian at Lambeth Palace, minor canon of Canterbury Cathedral and curate of St. John's and St. Bridget's, Beckermet (1787-1803), Rector of Orgarswick (1791-92), Rector of All-Hallows, Lombard Street (1801-10), Vicar of Milton (1792-1801), Vicar of Ivingthoe (1803), Rector of Woolwich (1803-05), Vicar of Eddlesborough (1805-07), Rector of Little Gaddesden (1805), Coulsdon (1807-20); Vicar of Addington (1812), Rector of Settrington (1820), Royal Chaplain (1812), prebendary of York (1830), and archdeacon of Cleveland (1832-45). He was awarded an annual pension by George IV.
Some account of the Deans of Canterbury. 1793.
Comus, a mask, ed. Todd. 1798.
Milton, Works, ed. Todd. 6 vols, 1801.
Spenser, Works, ed. Todd. 8 vols, 1805.
Illustrations of the lives and writings of Gower and Chaucer. 1810.
Johnson's Dictionary of the English language [with corrections and additions by Todd]. 4 vols, 1818.
A vindication of our authorized translation and translators of the Bible. 1819.
Memoirs of the life and writings of Bishop Brian Walton. 2 vols, 1821.
The life of Archbishop Cranmer. 2 vols, 1831.
Selections from the metrical paraphrases of the Psalms by George Sandys. 1839.