Thomas Babington Macaulay was educated at private schools and Trinity College Cambridge, where he won two poetry prizes (B.A. 1822, Fellow 1824, M.A. 1825); afterwards he studied at Lincoln's Inn, practiced law, and wrote essays for the liberal Edinburgh Review. He entered Parliament in 1830, representing Calne, and afterwards Leeds (1832-34) and Edinburgh (1839-47, 1852-56). Macaulay served in India and held government offices, including Secretary of War and Paymaster of the Forces; he was elected rector of Glasgow University in 1849.
Pompeii: a poem which obtained the Chancellor's Medal. 1819.
Evening: a poem which obtained the Chancellor's Medal. 1821.
Critical and miscellaneous essays. 3 vols, 1840-41.
Lays of ancient Rome. 1842.
Critical and historical essays. 3 vols, 1843.
The history of England. 1849-61.
Works. 10 vols, 1900.
Letters, ed. T. Pinney. 6 vols, 1974-81.