The fifth son of Sir Henry Fanshaw of Ware Park, Hertfordshire, Richard Fanshawe entered Jesus College Cambridge as a fellow-commoner in 1623 before moving to the Inner Temple in 1626. He served the Royalist cause in various capacities and was captured and imprisoned; he was created baronet in 1650 and knighted in 1660. After the Restoration Fanshawe was M.P. for the University of Cambridge (1661-66), served as privy councillor of Ireland (1662), was ambassador to Portugal (1662-65), Privy Councillor (1663) and ambassador to Spain (1664-66); he died at Madrid.
1636 ca.Of the two most beautifull Sisters rowed on the Trent; under the Allegorie of Swans.
1640 ca.The Fourth Booke of Virgills Aeneis on the Loves of Dido and Aeneas.
1647A Canto of the Progresse of Learning.
1655The Lusiad, or, Portugals Historicall Poem.
1655The Lusiad: The Translator's Postscript.
Il pastor fido [Guarini, trans.] 1647.
Selected parts of Horace, prince of lyricks. 1652.
The Lusiad: or Portugals historicall poem [Camoens, trans.] 1655.
To love only for love sake [Mendoza, trans.] 1654.
Festivals to celebrate the birth-day of ... King Philip IV [Mendoza, trans.] 1670.
Original letters of his Excellency Sir Richard Fanshawe. 2 vols, 1702-24.
The fourth book of Vergil's Aeneid, ed. A. L. Irvine. 1929.
Luis de Camoes, The Lusiads, in Sir Richard Fanshawe's translation, ed. Geoffrey Bullough. 1964.
A critical edition of Sir Richard Fanshawe's 1647 translation of Giovanni Battista Guarini's Il Pastor Fido, ed. Walter F. Stanton, Jr. and William E. Simeone. 1964.
Shorter poems and translations, ed. N. W. Bawcutt. 1964.