Samuel Butler was born in Worcestershire and may have studied at the King's School, Worcester; he served as a private secretary before marrying and publishing the first part of Hudibras in 1663. He was secretary to the Duke of Buckingham (1670-74). While Butler's unsuccessful attempts at preferment became the matter of legend, Hudibras was imitated in hundreds of seventeenth and eighteenth-century burlesque poems. William Hazlitt remarked, "He has exhausted the moods and figures of satire and sophistry. His rhymes are as witty as his reasons."
Mola asinaria by William Prynne. 1659.
The Lord Roos his answer to the Marquess of Dorchester's letter. 1660.
Hudibras: the first part. 1663.
Hudibras: the second part. 1664.
To the memory of the most renowned Du-Vall. 1671.
Two letters. 1672.
Hudibras: the third and last part. 1678.
Cydippe her answer to Acontius. In Ovid's epistles, 1680.
Mercurius Menippeus: the loyal satirist. 1682.
The plagiary exposed: or an answer to a newly revived calumny against the memory of King Charles I. 1691.
The posthumous works. 1715-17, 1732, 1734.
Genuine remains in verse and prose, ed. R. Thyer. 1759.
Complete works, ed. A. R. Waller and Rene Lamar. 3 vols, 1905-28.
Satires and miscellaneous poetry and prose, ed. R. Lamar. 1928.
Characters, ed. Charles W. Daves. 1970.
Hudibras, ed. John Wilders. 1967.
Prose observations, ed. de Quehen. 1979.