Sir James Mackintosh studied at King's College Aberdeen (M.A. 1784) and Edinburgh University (M.D. 1787) before emigrating to London in 1788 and working as a journalist. His popular Vindicae Gallicae (1791) answered Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France. Mackintosh became a member of Lincoln's Inn (1795) and was a judge in the vice-admiralty court in Bombay (1806-11) and M.P. for Nairn (1813) and Knaresworth (1819). Mackintosh was Rector of the University of Glasgow (1822) and professor of law and general politics at the East India College at Haileybury (1818-24).
Vindicae gallicae. 1791.
A discourse on the study of the law of nature, and of nations. 1799.
Melanges philosophiques. 1829.
Dissertation on the progress of ethical philosophy chiefly during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 1830.
The history of England. 3 vols, 1830-32.
The life of Sir Thomas More. 1831.
History of the revolution in England in 1688. 1834.
Tracts and speeches. 1840.
Miscellaneous works, ed. R. J. Mackintosh. 3 vols, 1846.