1792 ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830: SPENSER AND THE TRADITION

Gen. John Burgoyne

Anonymous, Obituary in Gentleman's Magazine 62 (August 1792) 771.



At his house in Hertford-street, Mayfair, the Right Honourable John Burgoyne, a privy councellor, lieutenant-general in the army, colonel of the 4th regiment of foot, M.P. for Preston, and author of a much celebrated comedy, intitled The Heiress, 1786, of which see our vol. LVI. p. 240. In 1774 we see him conducting the fete champetre given by the Earl of Derby at the Oaks, June 9 that year (XLIV. 265). The year following he was ordered on the service in America. See his speeches thereon, XLV. 611, XLVI. 341. He returned from thence Dec. 11, 1776 (ibid. 576). See his speech to the Indians, XLVIII, 122; plan of the expedition by the lakes, ibid. 158; his proclamation, XLVII. 358; and success, 398; progress from Ticonderago, 455; critical situation, 549; proceedings and surrender at Saratoga, 576, 587; his examination in the House of Commons, XLVIII. 233, and defence, 250; his letter to Washington, ibid, 251; debate on his competency to sit in parliament, XLIX. 44; his speeches, XLIX. 51, 55, 107, 166, 275, 335, LI. 201, 248; LII. 214, 127, 322, 565, 613; LIV 52, 219, 547, 623, 786; LV 870, 1014; LIV. 231, 403, 1055, his correspondence with Lord Barrington, secretary at war, LVI. 531; and in 1779 he resigned all his emoluments, to the amount of 3500 a year, 561. His death, the regret for which will be extensive and lasting, was occasioned by a sudden attack of the gout; he had been out, apparently in good health, the day before. He has died richer in esteem than in money, for in the saving or securing of that he had no talent. His match with Lady Charlotte Stanley having been an affair of love, contracted at Preston, when the General was a subaltern, was, at first, vehemently resented by the late Earl of Derby, her father, who vowed never to see them again. As time, however, unfolded the General's character, the Earl became convinced that his daughter had married (what might very easily have been misled if she had made her choice from men of rank) an accomplished gentleman, an able scholar, and a benevolent man. Lady Charlotte had accordingly, during his Lordship's life, the same stipend as her sisters, 300 per annum, and at his death, the same legacy, 25,000. Her Ladyship died, without issue, June 7, 1776. — On the 13th of August, at one o'clock, his remains were conveyed, in the most private manner, from his house in Hertford street to the cloisters in Westminster-abbey, and there deposited. Of the gay, the witty, and the fashionable, who earnestly sought his acquaintance, and whose minds were improved by the elegance of his conversation and the variety of his talents, very few were present to drop the tear over departed Genius. One coach only attended, with four gentlemen; a lady was likewise present, whose convulsive agitations proved her to "have that within which passeth outward shew." The service was read by one of the prebendaries.