James Petit Andrews, esq. was one of the magistrates of the police-office in Queen-square Westminster, younger son of Joseph A. esq. of Shaw-house, near Newbury, Berks, and brother to Sir Joseph A. bart. He was educated by a private tutor, the Rev. Mr. Matthews, rector of Shaw, Berks, and and distinguished himself for his application to literature and the polite arts. At the age of 18 or 19 Mr. A. went into the Berkshire militia, on the first calling out that body of men, was appointed a lieutenant, and remained in the regiment till it was disembodied. He married Miss Anne Penrose, daughter [sister?] of the Rev. Mr. P. late rector of Newbury, who died Sept. 1, 1785 (see LV. 751), and by whom he had three children; the eldest, Joseph, late a lieutenant in the first regiment of foot-guards, and was in the action of Lincelles, Aug. 18, 1793 (LXIII. 781, 1167); the second, Elizabeth-Anne, now the wife of Charles-Henry Hunt, esq. late of Goldscott, in Worcestershire; and the third, Charles-Gray, was a midshipman in the navy, and died, in his 18th year, August, 1791. — Mr. A. was author of several publications; amongst others, 1. Anecdotes, antient and modern, with Observations, 1789, 8vo, and a supplement to it, 1790, 8vo; 2. A History of Great Britain, connected with the Chronology of Europe, 1795, 2 vols, 4to, containing anecdotes of the times, lives of the learned, with specimens of their works, on the plan of President Hennault (LXIV. 644); 3. Continuation of Henry's History of Great Britain, in 1 vol. 4to. and 2 vols. 8vo, 1796; 4. Account of the Saxon Coins found in Kintbury Churchyard, Berks (Archaeol. VII. 430). He was a very valuable and frequent contributor to our Miscellany. We are also obliged to him for several views and descriptions of places in England, Roche rock in vol. LVII. p. 222, views in Freshwater-bay, lsle of Wight, ibid. 377. 5. The account of Shaw, in Mr. Mores' Berkshire Collections, p. 75. 6. He was also the translator of The Savages of Europe, a popular French novel, adorned with prints, the original designs (by J. F. A.) and plates of which are in the possession of his son. — Mr. Andrews built and furnished, at great expense, an elegant Gothic mansion at the Grove, in Shaw parish, near his brother's house; but sold it, 1783, to William Brummell, esq. private secretary to Lord North, who totally altered it, and added large offices. See a print of it, vol. XLII. p. 561. To his Anecdotes was prefixed a portrait (probably of himself) of a man distilling anecdotes from an alembic, designed by himself, drawn by Grimm, and engraved by Macky. This volume is inscribed to his brother Sir. Joseph; and he acknowledges his obligation to the present poet-laureate, who has signed his initials, to Capt. Grosse, and to a lady not unknown in the literary world, who purposely conceals her name.