Card. John Henry Newman

Robert Carruthers, in Chambers's Cyclopaedia of English Literature, 3rd ed. (1876; 1879) 8:103.

This eminent controversialist and man of letters is a native of London, son of a banker, and born in the year 1801. He graduated at Trinity College, Oxford, in 1820, was afterwards elected a Fellow of Oriel, and in 1825 became Vice-principal of St. Alban's Hall. He was sometime tutor of his college, and incumbent of St. Mary's, Oxford, and was associated, as we have stated, with Hurrel Froude and others in the publication of the "Tracts for the Times." More consistent than some of his associates, Dr. Newman seceded from the Established Church and joined the Church of Rome. Since then he has been priest of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, rector of a Catholic university in Dublin, and head of the Oratory near Birmingham. Dr. Newman has been a voluminous writer. His collected works form twenty-two volumes, exclusive of various contributions to periodicals. From 1837 to the present time his pen has rarely been idle, and the variety of his learning, the originality and grace of his style, his sincerity and earnestness, have placed him high among living authors. The following is a list of his works as collected and classified by himself: Parochial and Plain Sermons, eight volumes; Sermons on Subjects of the Day; University Sermons; Catholic Sermons, two volumes; Present Position of Catholics in England; Essay on Assent; Two Essays on Miracles; Essays, Critical and Historical, two volumes; Discussions and Arguments on Various Subjects; Historical Sketches; History of the Arrians; also published a volume of Verses on Various Occasions, 1868.