1690 ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830: SPENSER AND THE TRADITION

Bp. Francis Turner

Anthony Wood, Athenae Oxonienses (1690-91; 1721) ed. Bliss (1815) 4:545-46.



FRANCIS TURNER, son of Dr. Thomas Turner, sometime dean of Canterbury, by Margaret his wife, daughter of sir Fran. Winderbank principal secretary of state to king Charles I. alias the martyr, was born — educated in grammar learning in Wykeham's school near Winchester, elected prob. fellow of New coll. in 1655, took the degrees in arts, holy orders, became chapl. to James duke of York, residentiary of S. Paul's cathedral in London, doct. of div. in 1669, and master of S. John's coll. in Cambridge, on the resignation of Dr. Pet. Gunning, an. 1670; which headship he holding till Christmas 1679, he then resign'd it because of a faction in that coll. Whereupon he was succeeded therein by Humphrey Gower, D.D. and chaplain to Dr. Gunning before mention'd who was then bishop of Ely. On the 20th of July 1683 he was installed dean of Windsor, in the room of Dr. Jo. Durel deceased, and on the 11th of Novemb. following was consecrated in the archbishop's chapel at Lambeth to the see of Rochester (with Dr. Laur. Womack to that of S. David) upon the translation hence of Dr. Dolben to York; about which time being made almoner to his majesty had liberty to keep Windsor in commendam with that see. On the 16th of July 1684 he was translated to Ely, on the death of Dr. Gunning, and was confirmed therein in the church of S. Mary le Bow in London, on the 23d of Aug. following; about which time he was made president of the society of the sons of the clergy. On the 8th of June 1688 he was one of the six bishops, besides the archb. of Cant. that were committed prisoners to the Tower of London for contriving, making and publishing a seditious libel against his majesty (king James 2) and his government, that is, for subscribing a petition to his said majesty, wherein he and the rest of the said bishops shewed the great aversness that they found in themselves to the distributing and publishing in all their churches his majesty's late declaration for liberty of conscience, &c. where continuing till they were publicly tried for the same libel in Westminster hall, were, to the great joy of the true sons of the church of England, released thence on the 15th of the same month. The names of the other bishops that were imprisoned and tried (besides Dr. Sancroft archb. of Canterbury) were Dr. W. Lloyd bish. of S. Asaph, Dr. Jo. Lake bish. of Chichester, Dr. Tho. Ken bish. of Bath and Wells, Dr. Tho. White bish. of Peterborough, and Dr. Jonath. Trelauney bish. of Bristol. About Candlemas in 1690, Dr. Turner was depriv'd of his bishoprick of Ely for not taking the oaths of allegiance and supremacy to king William III. and queen Mary: whereupon Dr. Sim. Patrick was translated thereunto from Chichester. In Dec. 1691 there was a pretended discovery of a pretended plot of the Jacobites or nonjurors, whereupon some of them were imprison'd: and Dr. Turner being suspected to be in the said pretended plot, he withdrew and absconded. He is said to be the author of

Animadversions on a Pamphlet entit. The naked Truth: or, the State of the primitive Church. Lond. 1676 qu. which was printed twice in that year. Dr. Turner's name is not set to the said Animadversions, neither is the author's name to that of the Naked Truth. So that our author being then altogether ignorant, saith thus of him, that wrote Naked Truth in the beginning of his Animad. — "I suspected its author for some youngster, that had been dabling among the Socinian writers, and was ambitious of shewing his half talent in the way — I was quickly delivered from this jealousy by his orthodox contradictory expressions in other places — But I find he is one of the men of the second rate (as I take leave to stile him) that hardly ever saw the second consequence," &c. Soon after came out Andr. Rivet junior, alias Andr. Marvell, with a book entit. Mr. Smirk: or, the Divine in mode, being certain Annotations upon Animadversions on Naked Truth, &c. London. 1676. qu. Which name of Smirk he gave Dr. Turner, because in his conception he was a neat, starch'd and formal divine. [List of publications omitted.]