Lieutenant General Burgoyne, son of the late, and brother to the present Sir Roger Burgoyne, was born in the year 1727, and is descended from a very ancient family, to which John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, uncle to king Richard the Second, in the year 1387 granted the two extensive manors of Sutton and Potton, by this very extraordinary deed,
I, John of Gaunt,
Do give and do grant,
Unto Roger Burgoyne,
And the heirs of his loin,
All Sutton and Potton,
Until the world's rotten,
Lieutenant General Burgoyne very eagerly embraced a military life, and rose gradually to the high rank he now possesses. On the 8th of October, in the year 1762, he had his first commission as a colonel, and on the 18th of March, 1763, had given to him the 16th, or Queen's Regiment of light dragoons now in America. On the 25th of May, 1772, he was made a major general, and was raised to be lieutenant general Sept. 1777, and is governor of Fort William, in North Britain. — He is also a member of parliament for the borough of Preston in Lancashire.
Lieutenant General Burgoyne is married to lady Charlotte Stanley, sister to the earl of Derby. He is also as celebrated for his taste in polite literature as for his martial deeds. The Maid of the Oaks, performed with great success, was written by him, and he planned the celebrated Fete Champetre, given by lord Stanley at the Oaks, in Surry, (the seat of the general) on his marriage with lady Betty Hamilton, daughter of the duchess of Argyle.
An account of the festival was given in our Magazine for the year 1774, page 405; and of the Maid of the Oaks in the same Magazine, page 737, and 746. A prologue written by this gentleman, and spoken at Boston, before the tragedy of Zara, performed by officers of the army for a public charity, with the epilogue, by the same author, were inserted in page 279, 280, of our Magazine, for the year 1776.
The general's opinions relative to the American dispute may be gathered from his conduct in parliament and in America, for which we refer our readers to our Magazine for 1776, and the present year, under the heads of History of the British Parliament, and Proceedings in America.