Solomon Southwick

Anonymous, in National Cyclopaedia of American Biography (1892-1906) 4:304.

Solomon Southwick, journalist, was born in Newport, R. I., Dec. 25, 1773, son of Solomon Southwick (1`731-97), who took an active part in the causes which led to the revolutionary war, and was editor and proprietor of the Newport "Mercury" from 1768 until his death. The son served an apprenticeship in a printing office in New York, and in 1792 entered the employ of his brother-in-law, John Barber, the owner of the Albany "Register." Later a partnership was formed, and upon Barber's death, in 1808, he succeeded to the latter's interest and became the paper's sole editor. He was sheriff for the county and postmaster of Albany, and in 1812 became a regent of the state university. The "Register" was discontinued in 1817, and two years later Southwick established "The Ploughboy," the first agricultural journal in the state, which he conducted for a time under the pen-name of "Henry Homespun." He also edited "The Christian Visitant" and the "National Democrat." He established the "National Observer" in the interests of the anti-Masons, and was afterward nominated by them for governor. On retiring from political life he delivered lectures on "The Bible," "Temperance" and "Self-Education." Many of his addresses were published, some of them under the pen-name of "Sherlock." He was married, and had a son, Alfred, who published in Albany "The Family Newspaper." Solomon Southwick died in Albany, N.Y., Nov. 18, 1839.