JAMES SILK BUCKINGHAM (youngest child of Christopher Buckingham of Barnstaple who d. 1794). b. Flushing near Falmouth 25 August 1786; commander of merchant ship 1807-13; established Calcutta Journal at Calcutta which appeared 2 Oct. 1818 to 26 April 1823 when it was suppressed and he was expelled from India; started Jany. 1824 Oriental herald and colonial review which ceased Dec. 1829; edited The Sphynx a weekly journal 1827-9; started The Athenaeum 9 Jany. 1828; M.P. for Sheffield 15 Dec. 1832 to 17 July 1837; travelled to America 1837-41; resident director of British and foreign institute Hanover sq. London 1843-6; pres. of London temperance league 1851; granted civil list pension of £200 per annum 1 Sep. 1851; travelled through the country delivering lectures many years; author of Travels in Palestine 1822; America historical descriptive and statistic 3 vols. 1841; The eastern and western states of America 3 vols. 1842 and 16 other books, also about 40 pamphlets on social and political subjects. d. Stanhope lodge, Upper Avenue road, St. John's Wood, London 30 June 1855. Autobiography of J. S. Buckingham 2 vols. 1855, portrait; Boase and Courtney's Bibl. Cornub. 1, 44-8 (1874), iii, 1098-9 (1882).