SAMUEL WOODFORD, a divine and poet, eldest son of Robert Woodford, of Northampton, gent. was born in the parish of All-hallows on the Wall, London, April 15, 1636; became a commoner of Wadham college in 1653; took one degree in arts in 1656; and in 1658 returned to the Inner Temple, where he was chamber-fellow with the poet Flatman. In 1660, he published a poem "On the return of king Charles II." After that period, he lived first at Aldbrook, and afterwards at Bensted in Hampshire, in a married and secular condition, and was elected F.R.S. in Nov. 1664. He took orders from bishop Morley, and was soon after presented by sir Nicolas Stuart, bart. to the rectory of Hartley-Maudet in Hampshire. He was installed prebend of Chichester May 27, 1676; made D.D. by the diploma of archbishop Sancroft in 1677; and prebendary of Winchester, Nov. 8, 1680, by the favour of his great patron, the bishop of that diocese. He died in 1700. His poems, which have some merit, are numerous. His "Paraphrase on the Psalms, in five books," was published in 1667, 4to, and again in 1678, 8vo. This "Paraphrase," which was written in the Pindaric and other various sorts of verse, is commended by R. Baxter in the preface to his "Poetical Fragments," 1681; and is called by others "an incomparable version," especially by his friend Flatman, who wrote a Pindaric ode on it, and a copy of verses on Woodford's "Paraphrase on the Canticles," 1679, 8vo. With this latter paraphrase are printed, 1. "The Legend of Love, in three cantos." 2. "To the Muse," a Pindaric ode. 3. "A Paraphrase upon some select Hymns of the New and Old Testament." 4. "Occasional compositions in English rhymes," with some translations out of Latin, Greek, and Italian, but chiefly out of the last; some of which compositions and translations were before falsely published by a too-curious collector of them, from very erroneous copies, against the will and knowledge of their author. Dr. Woodford complains, that several of his translations of some of the moral odes had been printed after the same incorrect manner.