RICHARD CAREW, the Son of Tho. Carew by Elizab. Edgcombe his Wife, was born of an antient and genteel Family at East-Anthony in the East parts of Cornwall, an. 1555, became a Gent. Comm. of Ch. Ch. very young, but had his Chamber in Broadgate's hall, much about the time that his Kinsman George Carew (afterwards E. of Totness) and Will. Cambden studied there. At 14 years of Age he disputed ex tempore with the matchless Philip Sidney, (while he was a young Man, I suppose) in the presence of the Earls of Leicester, Warwick, and other Nobility, at what time they were lodged in Ch. Ch. to receive entertainment from the Muses. After he had spent 3 years in Oxon, he retired to the Middle Temple, where he spent 3 years more, and then was sent with his Unkle (Sir George Carew as it seems) in his Embassage unto the King of Poland; whom, when he came to Danzick, he found that he had been newly gone from thence into Sweden, whither also he went after him. After his return, and a short stay made in England, he was sent by his Father into France with Sir. Hen. Nevill, who was then Ambassador Leiger unto K. Hen. 4. that he might learn the French Tongue, which by reading and talking he overcame in three quarters of a year. Some time after his return he married Juliana Arundel of Trerice, an. 1577, was made Justice of the Peace 1581, High-Sheriff of Cornwall 1586, and about that time was the King's Deputy for the Militia. In 1589, he was elected a Member of the Coll. of Antiquaries, and about that time he made an historical Survey of his native Country, which was afterwards printed, he being then accounted a religious and ingenious Man, learned, eloquent, liberal, stout, honest, and well skill'd in several Languages, as also among his Neighbours the greatest Husband, and most excellent manager of Bees in Cornwall. He was intimate with the most noted Scholars of his time, particularly with Sir Hen. Spelman, who, in a Epistle to him concerning tithes, doth not a little extol him for his ingenuity, virtue, and learning. Palman igitur cedo (saith he) & quod Graeci olim in Caria sua gente, admirati sunt, nos in Caria nostra gente agnoscimus, ingenium spledidum, bellarumque intentionum faecundissimun, &c. Further also for the Book he wrote and published, entit.
The Survey of Cornwall, &c. Lond. 1602. qu. the learned Camden is pleased to honour him with this character, — Sed haec, &c. But more plainly and fully instructed are we in these points, by Rich. Carew of Anthony, a Gentleman innobled no less in regard of his parentage and descent, than for his virtue and learning; who hath published and perfected the description of this County (Cornwall) more at large, and not in a slight and mean manner, whom I must needs acknowledge to have given me much light herein. Among the Letters Cambdeni & illustrium virorum ad Cambdenum num. 58 is an Epistle of this Rich. Carew dated from Anthony in Cornwall 13 May 1606, in which he writes thus. "The first publishing of my Survey of Cornwall was voluntary; the second, which I now propose, is of necessity, not so much for the enlarging it, as the correcting mine and the Printer's oversights. And amongst these the Arms, not the least; touching which, mine Order, suitable to the direction, was not observed, and so my self made an Instrument, but not the Author of Wrong and Error." Our Author Carew hath also written,
The true and ready way to learn the Lat. Tongue; in answer to a Quere, whether the ordinary way by teaching Latin by the rules of Grammar, be the best way for youths to learn it? — This is involved in a Book published by a Dutch-man called Sam. Hartlib Esq; entit. The true and ready way to learn the Lat. Tongue, &c. Lond. 1654. qu. Our Author Carew translated also from Italian into the English Tongue, The examination of Mens Wits. In which, by discovering the variety of Natures, is showed for what profession each one is apt, and how far he shall profit therein. Lond. 1594. and 1604. qu. written originally in Spanish by Joh. Huarte and translated into Italian by M. Camillo Camilli. But this translation, as I have been informed by some Persons, was mostly, if not all, performed by Tho. Carew his Father; yet Richard's name is set to it. He died on the sixth day of Nov. in sixteen hundred and twenty, and was buried in the Church of East-Anthony among his Ancestors. Shortly after he had a splendid Monument set over his Grave, with an inscription thereon, written in the Latin Tongue; which being too large for this place, I shall now omit, as also the Epigram made on him by his Countryman [Charles Fitzgeffrey, Affaniis lib. 3], and another by a Scot [John Dunbar Epigr. cent. 6. no. 53]. Which last stiles our Author Carew "another Livy, another Maro, another Papinian," and highly extolls him for his great skill in History, and knowledge in the Laws. Besides this Rich. Carew, was another, but later in time, Author of Excellent helps by a warming-stone. Printed. 1652. qu.