The son of a banker, Newman (1801- ) was a native of London. He graduated at Trinity College, Oxford, in 1820. Seceding from the Established Church, he became a priest of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, and in 1878 was made a Cardinal. His collected works form twenty-two volumes. His poems appeared in 1868, under the title of Verses upon Various Occasions. They are mostly on religious topics, though some are playful in tone. His brother, Francis William Newman, born in 1805, resigned an Oxford fellowship because he could not subscribe to the Thirty-nine Articles for his Master's degree. His ethical and theological writings have been very numerous, and his religious faith would seem to be that of a pure theism, free from the adulteration of any historical creed. The two brothers appear to have been diametrically opposed in their religious notions.