1789
ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830: SPENSER AND THE TRADITION

[Ode to Fortitude.]

Gentleman's Magazine 59 (February 1789) 160.

Rev. Henry Francis Cary


An allegorical ode from the Greek in three irregular Spenserians (ababccdD). The measure is that of Thomas Gray's Hymn to Adversity. Young Henry Francis Cary was getting considerable attention in the Gentleman's Magazine at this period.

Headnote: "Mr. Urban, Writing with haste from an imperfect copy, I committed two mistakes in the Latin Ode inserted in your Mag. for last month, p. 71, in the first line, for 'quae,' read 'qui'; and in the eighth, for 'evitas,' read 'refugis.' — I here send you a translation of a Greek Ode by Erinna, who is supposed to have been a contemporary and country-woman of the celebrated Sappho. Yours, &c. H. F. Cary."

Cary reports reading the first canto of the Faerie Queene with his wife, 8 May 1797; Memoir of the Rev. Henry Francis Cary (1847) 1:112.



Hail, daughter of Imperial War!
Hail, matchless Fortitude! whose crown
Blazes with Glory's golden star,
Whose state the highest heavens enthrone.
To thee alone the Fates ordain
A fix'd unperishable reign,
And bless thee with such boundless sway,
That all Creation's powers thy ample rule obey.

Beneath thy yoke the billowy sea
And stable earth's foundations lie;
To thee each nation bows the knee,
Immortal Empress of the Sky!
Ev'n Time, whose force all others own,
Submits, great Queen, to thee alone,
And never shifts the prosperous gale,
But with a constant breeze expands thy snowy sail.

Thou to the warrior band giv'st birth,
Who in the battle dare to bleed,
Whose firm and patriotic worth
Emblazons each heroic deed!
The harvest of thy noble train
Appears like Ceres' joyous reign,
When o'er the fields the Goddess pours,
With free and liberal hand, her golden-waving stores.

[p. 160]